On the role of the artist and the prejudice against AI-generated artworks

Dionigi Mattia Gagliardi, Giulia Torromino, Salvatore Gaetano Chiarella, Manuel Focareta and Sara Cuono
in NODES 19-20 →
2022
Several studies reported that, together with low-level features, also high-level features of an artwork such as context, cultural beliefs and expectations can modulate aesthetic appreciation. Recent studies investigated the role of authorship as a factor that can influence aesthetic appreciation. Among these, some have compared the response to human vs. Artificial Intelligence or computer-made artworks, reporting evidence of a negative bias towards the latter. However, the appreciation of AI-generated artworks has not been systematically investigated yet. In the current era, this topic appears to be of great interest and this article attempts at contributing to the study of this phenomenon focusing on two main aspects: (a) the role of the artist and authorship in the history of art, and (b) the prejudice about artificial intelligence creating works of art. The article also discusses some recent neuroscientific studies, attempting to outline a new perspective for art research.